광명동굴 GWANGMYEONG CAVE

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100년의 이야기, 그리고 새로운 100년의 시작. 바로 광명동굴입니다.

  • 홈
  • Cave Introduction
  • Gwangmyeong Cave Story
  • Cave Development Story
  • sns

Welcome to 「The Best Cave Theme Park in Korea, Gwangmyeong Cave」 Cave Development Story

Gwangmyeong Cave is a historical industrial heritage and
a place for creating new history.

Where people were once drafted by force and abused during the Japanese Colonial Rule
Gwangmyeong Cave

Gwangmyeong Cave was first established as the 「Siheung Mine」 in Gahak-ri, Siheung-gun on May 2nd, 1903. During the early years of Japanese Colonial Rule, the Japanese Government-General of Korea pressured King Gojong to invest heavily mining industry and established 'Deposits Investigation Agency' to find and monopolize the gold and silver mines. Gwangmyeong Cave (formerly named as Siheung Mine) was established again under the name of a Japanese, Iida Kyuichiro, in 1912 and it is seemed that this is related to concerted efforts by Japan to mine extensively. At that time, most of the miners were peasants who either worked for a living or were forced to do so by force. In its heyday, there were 500 miners working at the mine. Minerals mined after the period of Japanese Colonial Rule were sent to Japan and used to make weapons for the Pacific War and a great amount of minerals was plundered before the liberation. 100 years later, with all of the minerals extracted all that is left is to examine the mine's history, the statements of the miners that have survived and the few relics that remain. The painful history of the Japanese Colonial Rule is also reflected in the history of the Gwangmyeong Cave. It also has value as an industrial heritage landmark for the mining industry which has contributed to both the industrial and economic development of Korea in the years following its liberation from Japan.

1912 ~ Japanese Colonial Rule

Mine establishment and start of mining

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The largest metal mine in the metropolitan area
From 1912, the mine produced gold, silver, bronze, zinc and other minerals for 60 years and was the largest metal mine in the metropolitan area with more than 250 tons mined a day during the peak of its success.
Place where people were drafted by force and plundered
During the Japanese Colonial Rule, most of the miners were peasants and came to work either as means to make a living or they were driven to work by force. It is a place where the sorrows of miners dwell and a place of impressment.

1950 ~ 1952

A shelter for residents during the Korean War

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The Korean War and Guldaengi
On June 25th 1950, when the Korean War broke out and bombing occured in a nearby town, residents took refuge in the mine. Babies born in the cave at that time were called "Guldaengi".

1961 ~ 1962

It was the birthplace of first labor movement in Gwangmyeong district

The labor movement which started at the Siheung Mine (former name of Gwangmyeong Cave) between 1961 and 1962 was the first labor movement in Gwangmyeong district, and was the first labor movement since May 16th, 1961

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  • 1972

    Abandoned Mine

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    It was closed due to environment contamination and was a compensation issue after August, 1972, when ore residues were swept and carried away by a heavy flood.

  • 1978 ~ 2010

    Used as a storage for salted shrimp from the Sorae Port

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    Since 1978, the cave was used to store salted shrimp from the Sorae Port, and some 3,000 drums of salted shrimps were stored there each year. These were massive amounts of salted shrimps that the residents of Seoul and metropolitan area were able to make one or two batches of kimchi with them.

After 2011 opening
More than 2,000,000 visitors

After 2011 openingMore than 2,000,000 visitors

2011

Rediscovering its value

Gwangmyeong Cave land purchased, opened to the public

2012

For the citizens

  • Gwangmyeong Cave development business agreement (Gyeonggi-do•Gyeonggi Tourism Organization)
  • First screening of the Pororo movie
  • The cave's 100th anniversary event
  • Proposal day event
  • First screening of a 3D movie in the cave

Gwangmyeong Cave which carries 100 years of history as an industrial site was first open to the public in August, 2011, after clearing away 40 years of darkness. It held a cave concert in October of the same year and screened both Pororo and its first 3D movie in 2012.

Rediscovering its value and changing it into a downtown cultural art complex.

Rediscovering its value and
changing it into a downtown cultural art complex.

2013

Cave Art Center opened for the first time in the world

  • Opened Cave Art Center and held a special exhibition of cave civilization
  • Held the first internal cave fashion and jewelry show
  • The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport central urban plan committee deliberated upon, and conditionally decided on the Gahaksan Neighborhood Park construction project

Gwangmyeong Cave started to get a lot of attention as a cultural art complex when the 350 seat Cave Art Center was opened in June of 2013. Following its opening it began to hold various cultural and art events including opera, musical and fashion shows, and it became a space for meaningful exhibitions such as the special exhibition of cave civilization.

2014

Held in high regard as a cultural art creative space

  • Selected as a final candidate in the creative tourism section of [Korea Tourism Awards] in 2014
  • Full consultation for Gwangmyeong Cave Exhibition of Lascaux Cave Painting
  • The first fantasy concept design contest held in Korea
  • Award for Excellence in the Innovation Administrator section at the 11th Regional Industrial Policy Awards
  • Filming and a preview screening of the first movie in a cave, [Tunnel 3D]
  • Cultural contents inside expansion [cave aquarium], [world exhibition of light], [cave laser show] and more

2015

Wine Cave opened A 194 meter long tunnel which consists of a wine exhibition, wine experience center, wine cellar, and wine restaurant. In particular, it displays and sells wine made in Korea in an effort to invigorate and contribute to the domestic economy in a win-win manner.
Gwangmyeong International Fantasy
Conceptual Design Contest
This international contest event for training experts of concept design which is the core technology in creative industry, is growing as a mecca for creative industries in the design field while working with Weta Workshop from New Zealand, a company that directed 「The Lord of the Rings」.
Up-cycle Art Center & Eco Edu Center
established
Up-cycle Art Center & Eco Edu Center are established in a resource recovery facility which is close to the Gwangmyeong Cave and is used as a place to create and experience while turning waste resources into art works and communicating with the local community.

Since 2016

Lascaux Exposition Internationale Gwangmyeong Korea As a commemorative event celebrating 130 years following the establishment of diplomatic relations between Korea and France, the Lascaux Exposition Internationale Gwangmyeong Korea was held in Gwangmyeong Cave from April 16th to September 4th in 2016. The event was extremely successful with 174,000 tourists' visiting during this exhibition. Due to the exhibition, the cave is now more well-known around the world and it is anticipated that more foreign tourists will be attracted in the future.

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Postal Code)14234 / 20, Sicheong-ro, Gwangmyeong-si, Gyeonggi-do / Public Service Call Center : 1688-3399

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